The first rock – salt mine
ONE OF THE NATURAL ASSETS OF JHELUM BASIN
Nature’ S Beauty inside a Mountain
Historical Background of Khewra Salt Mines
The 2nd largest rock salt mine in the world is situated at Khewra in Tehsil Pind Dadan Khan, District Jhelum. Discovery of Rock Salt dates back to the days of Alexander the great in 326 B.C. The licking of out crop salt by the horses of Alexander the great, who fought battle with Raja Porus on the bank of river Jhelum about 35-40 km away from Khewra, led to the discovery of Rock Salt deposit at Khewra. It is a huge and one of the richest salt fields in the world. The salt rang is over 186 miles (300 kilometer) long and 8 to 30 km wide with average height of 2,200 ft. It starts from Banganwala near Jhelum River to Kalabagh near Indus River. Its highest altitude at Sakesar Mountain is about 4990 ft. After annexation of the Punjab, the British Government took over the administration of these mines. Dr. Warth, a renowned Mining Engineer of U.K, laid out the main tunnel at ground level in 1872 to have an easy and direct approach to salt deposits. The reserves of Rock Salt in the mines are 220 million tonnes. Presently, Khewra Salt Mines produces about 3,25,000 tonnes salt per annum. The main tunnel at ground level developed by Dr. Warth has been converted into a Tourist Resort.