In Pakistan, one in 89 women die because of pregnancy and child birth related complications and Pakistan’s Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) is 299 per 100,000 live births. Twenty per cent of the deaths of women of child bearing age are caused by maternal complications. Pakistan unfortunately is 149th in the world ranking of the Mother Mortality Ratio. Many pregnant women living in poverty, simply do not have access to emergency medical facilities. Also half of the deliveries in the developing world including Pakistan take place at home and are assisted by unskilled birth attendants.
Pakistan has a very high Infant Mortality Rate, 74 deaths per 1,000 live births; means 1 in every 14 Pakistani children die before reaching the age of 1. Pakistan also has an alarmingly high Neonatal Mortality Rate (deaths during first four weeks of life) of 49 per 1,000 live births. Infection, pre-term birth and birth asphyxia are the major contributing factors.